• quitting time – the end of the business day; time to leave work and go home

  At quitting time, they all turn off their computers, put on their jackets, and walk to the metro station.

  • to signal – to do something (make a movement or turn on a light) to let other drivers know what you plan to do

  The car’s lights were broken so the driver had to signal where he was going by holding his arm out of the window.

  • to turn – to move right or left from one street onto another street

  Right-hand turns are not allowed here because the street is closed today.

  • to merge – to move your car into the flow of other, faster-moving cars

  Merging onto the freeway was one of the scariest parts of learning how to drive.

  • traffic – the flow of cars; the number and speed of cars

  Today there was so much traffic that driving home took almost two hours. Normally it’s a 40-minute drive.

  • stop-and-go – traffic that moves very slowly, with lots of stopping

  Southern California is well known for its stop-and-go traffic in the morning hours.

  • to stall – a car that is not working and has stopped in the road

  Her car stalled in the middle of the street so she had to ask other people to help her push it to the side of the road.

  • fast lane – the far left lane of a highway or freeway, where cars drive the fastest

  Grandpa always gets frustrated when he sees a slow-moving car in the fast lane.

  • to back up – to block traffic so that cars are stopped or moving very slowly for a certain distance behind the problem

  The accident has backed up traffic for four miles. Hopefully the police will clear the accident soon so that cars can begin moving again.

  • surface streets – roads within a city, not highways or freeways

  Driving on surface streets is slower than driving on a freeway, but it lets you see more interesting things.

  • fridge – short for refrigerator; a kitchen machine that keeps food cold

  Do we have any eggs in the refrigerator or do I need to buy more?

  • market – grocery store; a store that sells food and other household things

  Could you please buy some bread and milk at the market after work today?

  • cooked – food that has already been prepared; food that can be eaten right away or only needs to be heated to eat

  This meat is already cooked so it won’t take long to make the sandwiches.

  • checkout stand – the place where one pays for food bought at a market

  Sir, this checkout stand is only for customers who have 10 or fewer items.

  • cashier – the person who takes customers’ money and gives them receipts

  That store is hiring cashiers who are friendly and are good at math.

  • bagger – the person who puts a customer’s purchases into a plastic or paper bag

  That bagger must be new because he’s putting the milk on top of the eggs. They’re going to break!

  • cart – a large container with wheels that is used to carry food purchases in a market and to one’s car

  How did this bag of candy get into my shopping cart? My children must have put it there when I wasn’t looking.

  • to load up – to put purchases or other items into a car; to put a lot of things into a space

  As soon as we load up the car with these suitcases, we’ll be ready to drive to the airport.

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